Hire Writer The Civil War was not fought to free the slaves but to make America into what it would be and what it would mean to be an American. The clash between the two different systems held by each caused there to be tension and eventually caused the inescapable war. The North was an Industrial land.
Although a minority of free Southerners owned slaves, free Southerners of all classes nevertheless defended the institution of slavery  — threatened by the rise of free labor abolitionist movements in the Northern states— as the cornerstone of their social order.
In there were aroundslaveholders in a total free Southern population of about six million. Among slaveholders, the concentration of slave ownership was unevenly distributed. Perhaps around 7 percent of slaveholders owned roughly three-quarters of the slave population.
The largest slaveholders, generally owners of large plantations, represented the top stratum of Southern society. They benefited from economies of scale and needed large numbers of slaves on big plantations to produce cotton, a highly profitable labor-intensive crop.
Yet poor whites and small farmers generally accepted the political leadership of the planter elite.
Several factors helped explain why slavery was not under serious threat of internal collapse from any move for democratic change initiated from the South.
First, given the opening of new territories in the West for white settlement, many non-slaveowners also perceived a possibility that they, too, might own slaves at some point in their life. Above, this famous photo of a slave, Gordondeeply scarred from whipping by an overseer, was distributed by abolitionists to illustrate what they saw as the barbarism of Southern society.
Second, small free farmers in the South often embraced racismmaking them unlikely agents for internal democratic reforms in the South.
White racism in the South was sustained by official systems of repression such as the "slave codes" and elaborate codes of speech, behavior, and social practices illustrating the subordination of blacks to whites. For The civil war the real reason, the " slave patrols " were among the institutions bringing together southern whites of all classes in support of the prevailing economic and racial order.
Serving as slave "patrollers" and "overseers" offered white southerners positions of power and honor. Slave "patrollers" and "overseers" also won prestige in their communities.
Policing and punishing blacks who transgressed the regimentation of slave society was a valued community service in the South, where the fear of free blacks threatening law and order figured heavily in the public discourse of the period.
Southern tradesmen often depended on the richest planters for steady work. Such dependency effectively deterred many white non-slaveholders from engaging in any political activity that was not in the interest of the large slaveholders.
Furthermore, whites of varying social class, including poor whites and "plain folk" who worked outside or in the periphery of the market economy and therefore lacked any real economic interest in the defense of slavery might nonetheless be linked to elite planters through extensive kinship networks.
Since inheritance in the South was often unequitable and generally favored eldest sonsit was not uncommon for a poor white person to be perhaps the first cousin of the richest plantation owner of his county and to share the same militant support of slavery as his richer relatives.
Finally, there was no secret ballot at the time anywhere in the United States — this innovation did not become widespread in the U. For a typical white Southerner, this meant that so much as casting a ballot against the wishes of the establishment meant running the risk of being socially ostracized.
Increasingly dependent on the North for manufactured goods, for commercial services, and for loans, and increasingly cut off from the flourishing agricultural regions of the Northwest, they faced the prospects of a growing free labor and abolitionist movement in the North. Davis refutes the argument that Southern culture was different from that of Northern states or that it was a cause of the war, stating that "Socially and culturally the North and South were not much different.
They prayed to the same deity, spoke the same language, shared the same ancestry, sang the same songs. National triumphs and catastrophes were shared by both. Slavery demarked not just their labor and economic situations, but power itself in the new republic.
Southerners waged a vitriolic response to political change in the North. Slaveholding interests sought to uphold their constitutional rights in the territories and to maintain sufficient political strength to repulse "hostile" and "ruinous" legislation.
Behind this shift was the growth of the cotton textile industry in the North and in Europe, which left slavery more important than ever to the Southern economy.
They saw a vast growing abolitionist movement after the success of The Liberator in by William Lloyd Garrison. The fear was a race war by blacks that would massacre whites especially in Black Belt counties where whites were a small minority.
Searching for Biblical passages endorsing slavery and forming economic, sociological, historical and scientific arguments, slavery went from being a "necessary evil" to a "positive good". The First an Inferior Race: The Latter Its Normal Condition—setting out the arguments the title would suggest—was an attempt to apply scientific support to the Southern arguments in favor of race-based slavery.
As industrial capitalism gained momentum in the North, Southern writers emphasized whatever aristocratic traits they valued but often did not practice in their own society: This supported their argument that slavery provided a more humane society than industrial labor.
He advocated enslaving Northern factory workers, for their own benefit. Abraham Lincoln, on the other hand, denounced such Southern insinuations that Northern wage earners were fatally fixed in that condition for life.
To Free Soilers, the stereotype of the South was one of a diametrically opposite, static society in which the slave system maintained an entrenched anti-democratic aristocracy.
McPhersonexceptionalism applied not to the South but to the North after the North ended slavery and launched an industrial revolution that led to urbanization, which in turn led to increased education, which in its own turn gave ever-increasing strength to various reform movements but especially abolitionism.
The Charleston Mercury read that on the issue of slavery the North and South "are not only two Peoples, but they are rival, hostile Peoples. We are not engaged in a Quixotic fight for the rights of manThe root cause of the American Civil War is perhaps the most controversial topic in American history.
Even before the war was over, scholars in the North and South began to analyze and interpret the reasons behind the bloodshed.
My thought is the civil war was fought is for economic reasons. The Southerners relied on the slaves to do much, if not all, of their work. Historians debating the origins of the American Civil War focus on the reasons why seven Southern states declared their secession from the United States, why they united to form the Confederate States of America (simply known as the "Confederacy"), and why the North refused to let them go.
More from Wes about the causes of the Civil War.
What led to the outbreak of the bloodiest conflict in the history of North America? A common explanation is that the Civil War was fought over the. The Civil War:The Real ReasonWhat was the Civil War The Civil War began April 12, with the attacks of Fort Sumter, and did not end until April 9, with the surrender of General Robert E.
Lee of the Confederate Army. The Civil War Trust's history article analyzing the reasons for secession as set forth in the Articles of Secession and Declarations of Causes issued by the Southern states.