The SI unit is the joule. Specific heat capacity refers to the mass of the substance and is measured in J K-1 kg DH is the heat change for a reaction in kJ per mol of reactant or product. If DH is negative the reaction is exothermic.
Calcium plays a central role in the electrical stimulation of cardiac cells and in the mechanical contraction of smooth muscle cells in the wails of arteries.
Calcium is essential to health yet it holds a hidden danger that brings us to our graves much quicker then we would like. Calcium is the most promoted nutrient by proponents of conventional, nutritional, and alternative medicine.
This is a great and tragic mistake. They should have been promoting magnesium. Magnesium deficiency leads to an increase in myocardial levels of both sodium and calcium. This is a problem because Coronary Artery calcium is a predictor of near-term coronary heart disease events.
In the face of growing magnesium deficiencies calcium becomes increasingly more toxic to human physiology. Crush a calcium pill and see how much dissolves in 1 oz of water.
Then crush a magnesium pill and slowly stir it into the calcium water. When you introduce the magnesium, the remaining calcium dissolves; it becomes more water-soluble. The same thing happens in your bloodstream, heart, brain, kidneys, and all the tissues in your body.
Another scenario plays out in the kidneys. If there is too much calcium in the kidneys and not enough magnesium to dissolve it, you can get kidney stones.
Calcium becomes a slow acting poison often decades of build up to tissues all over the body when in excess relative to magnesium in deficiency. Trace mineral symptoms of excess or deficiency depend on their ratios to other elements.
In the event of calcification, it is not particularly a high calcium level that results in the formation of a stone or spur, but calcium being high in ratio to magnesium.
Magnesium increases the solubility of calcium in the urine. Supplementing magnesium to the diet has demonstrated significant effect in preventing recurrences of kidney stones.
If calcium is not taken with magnesium or it if it is not highly absorbable, it will cause much more harm than good. Unabsorbed calcium can lodge anywhere in our body.
For instances, if it lodges in your bones and joints, it mimics arthritis; if it lodges in you heart, it mimics arterial lesions.
Calcification or calcium poisoning can manifest as heart disease, cancer, wrinkled skin, kidney stones, osteoporosis, dental problems, bone spurs, cataracts and many other health problems. Calcium deposits in the joints are called arthritis; in the blood vessels it is hardening of the arteries; in the heart it is heart disease, and in the brain it is senility.
You are just about to discover how brilliant, safe and effective modern medicine can be. Get Started It is magnesium that actually controls bone density not calcium.
Magnesium drives the calcium into the bones where low levels encourage its loss.Most people on the Paleo diet avoid grains because of the food toxins they contain, but eat nuts like they're going out of style. Read this to find out why this is a bad idea.
Introduction to Biological Membranes. Biological membranes are composed of lipid, protein and carbohydrate that exist in a fluid state. Biological membranes are the structures that define and control the composition of the space that they enclose.
presence of oxalate ion is high in guava about 60 percentege of guava contains oxalate ions,oxalate ions present in guava increases with ripening.. Project 1 . 1) Monitor the amount and characteristics of your cat's urine for specific gravity with a refractometer and for acidity and the presence of unseen blood with paper dipsticks similar to the ones in the photograph.
An in-depth historical and current review is presented on the science of lithium-ion battery (LIB) solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) formation on the graphite anode, including structure, morphology, composition, electrochemistry, and formation mechanism.
Somebody already posted a detailed report on scribd regd the same project. You estimate the vol of oxalate ions by titration at different stages of the guava ripening Study of Oxalate Ion Content in Guava Fruit 1.
Take 10 gms of guava & crush it into a fine pulp using pestle-mortar. 2. Transfer the pulp to a beaker and add 50ml of dil.H2SO4. 3.