Pakistan is plagued by many social and economic problems since its inception. But one problem that beset it is poverty. Poverty is the inability of people to acquire minimum of set living standard of food, clothing and shelter.
Share Essay On Poverty In Pakistan Abundance and poverty are the two contrasts present on the face of the earth similar to brightness and darkness. Bountifulness represents prosperity and blessings in every shape while poverty is one of the worst miseries of human kind. Poverty is a social condition characterized by the sustained deprivation of the resources, capabilities, choices, security and power necessary for the enjoyment of an adequate standard of living with full civil, cultural, economic political and social rights.
It is an evil of society which needs to the eradicated. It is intimately related with socioeconomic moralities, religion, politics and geography of a country. Poverty alleviation is imperative if a country is to attain prosperity, honour and self-reliance in comity of nations.
Inflation is rising, foreign reserves are plummeting and the government is in danger of defaulting on its foreign debt.
Bad governance and mismanagement of institutions has contributed to growing militancy in Pakistan, economic woes and fleeing of foreign investors.
With poor performance of human development indicators, the task of poverty reduction, equitable income distribution and delivery of public services is difficult. In this backdrop, Benazir income support program is a sigh of relief for the few, but still a lot to be done for poverty alleviation.
The estimates of poverty have not been consistent in Pakistan. According to caloric based calorie per personthe incidence of poverty declined sharply over time. However, economic index, per capita income or energy consumption, is the most widely accepted unit of measuring poverty.
Per capita is the numerical quotient of national production by population in monetary terms. It is reported in units of currency per annum therefore, it is the national income to total population of the country i. Similarly energy consumption is the average consumption of food in terms of calories by total population of the country in a year.
The more the consumption; the less the poor. It is the market value of all final goods and services made within the hordes of a country in a year. It is often physically correlated with standard of living, thus, its increase depicts good living standards and a reduction in poverty.
Similarly, inflation is a rise in general level of prices of goods and services in a country over a period of time. When the price level rises, each unit of currency buys fewer goods and services; consequently, it is an erosion of the purchasing power of money.
It may occur due to many reasons including gap between demand and supply, less annual yields, rise in oil prices or devaluation of currency; the result is poor becomes indigent in an economy.
It is coverage on a national level and its augmentation delineations increase in poverty. Finally, fiscal deficit is a situation in which outflow of money exceeds inflow i. It is also a good measure of poverty as the surge in fiscal deficit incurs poverty.
Among factors leading to poverty, environmental degradation, erosion of agricultural and domestic useable land is a serious problem.
Pakistan has a huge river and irrigation system. Absences of land enhancement, land erosion pose a grave concern to economy of the county. Weathering of land by rushing water is high in hilly areas of Khyber-pakhtunkhwa.
The recent floods caused havoc in that province corroborates this fact. Moreover, country has various deserts in its territory. Dwellers in deserts like Thar, Cholistan and Thal usually the poorest in the country with no facilities of any kind.
Humans and their beasts drink water from the same reservoir. Any increase in desertification due to global warning or other factors leads to more poverty. Pakistan has forests only on 4. Pakistan falls in the last category of the four percentage wise forest groups.
The rate of deforestation is 1.
Deforestation is causing more erosion, floods, pollution and recurring disaster. This in turn leads to poverty and economic loss.
Importantly, natural disasters especially earthquakes, floods, storms and heavy rains are the major problems in the country. Earthquake of and the recent floods are the glaring examples.
Hundreds of people died in earthquake and all the structures in the affected area turned into rubble. Such huge calamities directly affect people and compromise their economy leading to gross poverty. The incapability to cope with natural disasters is also adding fuel to fire.Pakistan.
Consequently, poverty alleviation cannot be expected to occur simply as a trickle down effect of economic growth.
The employment generation capability of the economy per unit of investment has been declining due to growing capital intensity of the imported technologies, introduced in. Poverty Alleviation in India. Despite the corruption involved in dispersing of funds in poverty alleviating programs, the Government, the World Bank and the U.S.
are helping India eradicate poverty through dispersing funds to build the economy, battle disease and also improve infrastructure/5(1). E niswan essay on poverty in pakistan economy is poverty in other research and reform. Unemployment in pakistan oct 24, poverty as india poverty more about child mortality to explaining poverty line.
Eliminating poverty alleviation; it is the biggest problem pakistan economic growth to.
Central to an unstable life for you remove poverty. Nov 20, · Poverty Condition in Pakistan Poverty has been one of the biggest problems that Pakistan faces today. It is rightly said that poverty anywhere is a threat to prosperity everywhere. Title of the book, Poverty Alleviation in Pakistan, Present Scenario and Future Strategies By, Dr.
Mohibul Haq Introduction This book is a collection of sixteen papers presented at a seminar on poverty alleviation organised by the Institute of Policy Studies, Islamabad in December Poverty Alleviation in Pakistan, Present Scenario and Future Strategies By, Dr. Mohibul Haq Introduction This book is a collection of sixteen papers presented at a seminar on poverty alleviation organised by the Institute of Policy Studies, Islamabad in .