Display where development or humanitarian assistance is needed in your area of operations.
However, the early stages of this process can be traced back as far as B. Man has only made leaps in the forward direction since. Subsequent discoveries, such as the spherical shape of the Earth, also affected the mapping process positively.
While cartography continued to develop through conducting of tests in the course of the ensuing centuries, newer technologies also came to be developed all together, significant among them being the invention of the computer and its astounding capabilities.
It was when the two were brought together that the groundwork for modern day GIS was laid. The development of GIS was a result of several initiatives taken in a range of different quarters to solve or question specific problems all of which resulted in knowledge that led to the overall construction of GIS.
Here are the most significant events that occurred from the s to the present that determined the steady development of GIS: In the s, William Garrison a distinguished geographer and analyst of transportation issues, worked at the University of Washington and came up with a brilliant idea to make use of statistics and computers to study and better identify with spatial problems.
This idea launched what was referred to as the quantitative revolution in the field of geography. During the s, first in the year saw the development of the world's first true operational GIS in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada by the federal Department of Forestry and Rural Development.
It supported a national coordinate system that spanned the continent, coded lines as arcs having a true embedded topology and it stored the attribute and locational information in separate files.
As a result of this, Tomlinson has become known as the "father of GIS", particularly for his use of overlays in promoting the spatial analysis of convergent geographic data.
This process gave dawn to many GIS aspects. It was in this Lab that many of the GIS pioneers worked culminating in the creation of software that could handle spatial data. This application was the initial, programmed computer mapping system.
In the s; the start of the 70s was marked by four significant events that shaped the history of GIS. InRoger Tweedie made use of a database that contained such information as physical attributes of roads, traffic volumes, bridge records, and road inventories to create the Highway Inventory Information System for the state of New York.
This began the process of moving GIS from the research department into the business environment.
The early 20th century saw the development of photozincography, which allowed maps to be split into layers, for example one layer for vegetation and another for water. This was particularly used for printing contours — drawing these was a labour-intensive task but having them on a separate layer meant they could be worked on without the other layers to confuse the draughtsman.
This work was originally drawn on glass plates but later plastic film was introduced, with the advantages of being lighter, using less storage space and being less brittle, among others. When all the layers were finished, they were combined into one image using a large process camera.
Once color printing came in, the layers idea was also used for creating separate printing plates for each color. While the use of layers much later became one of the main typical features of a contemporary GIS, the photographic process just described is not considered to be a GIS in itself — as the maps were just images with no database to link them to.
By the end of the 20th century, the rapid growth in various systems had been consolidated and standardized on relatively few platforms and users were beginning to explore viewing GIS data over the internet requiring data format and transfer standards.
More recently, a growing number of free open-source GIS packages run on a range of operating systems and can be customized to perform specific tasks. Increasingly geospatial data and mapping applications are being made available via the World Wide Web.
The Future of GIS: GIS technology has only gotten more user-friendly with time, in terms of both its usage and the costs involved. The continuous developments taking place in this field, it is forecasted, will result in the increased usage of this technology in fields like science, industry, government, public health, archeology, urban and rural planning, logistics, transportation, environmental sustainability, defense, etc.Property Profile has the same features and layers as the Development Web Map but includes several enhancements.
Those enhancements include the ability to run a property report, print, query and filter features, and see a Google/Bing street view. GIS development. Geographic Information System (GIS) – is a complex that consists of software, hardware, staff and data.
Depending on what role GIS plays in your organization GIS may include all or some of these items. The UW–Madison GIS and Web Map Programming Professional Masters is a new program created to meet the growing demand for individuals skilled in GIS software development and online map programming/web mapping..
If you are a working professional who learned GIS before the growth of GIS software development and online map programming, this program is right for you. The UW–Madison GIS and Web Map Programming Professional Masters is a new program created to meet the growing demand for individuals skilled in GIS software development and online map programming/web mapping..
If you are a working professional who learned GIS before the growth of GIS software development and .
The Development Web Map application has been replaced by the Property Profile application. You can find the Property Profile application at schwenkreis.com Integrate mobile data collection tools that are easy to use, connect to the cloud, and help you assess the impact of development and other factors faster.
Analyze performance Evaluate the effectiveness of activities and investments with sophisticated analytics.