Childhood Apraxia of Speech or CAS as we refer to it asis a type of speech disorder that occurs in children, although it is rather uncommon. It is different than other speech disorders because it is neurologically-based, meaning it has to do with problems with the nervous system. Though it is important to keep in mind that this is not a problem that can be seen by a neurologist on a scan. Childhood Apraxia of Speech cannot be diagnosed by typical neurological scans.
It depends on the pattern of problems that are seen.
It can sometimes be difficult to diagnose CAS, especially when a child speaks very little or has difficulty interacting with the speech-language pathologist.
Your child may be asked to name pictures to see if he or she has difficulty making specific sounds or speaking certain words or syllables. Treatment Speech-language pathologists may treat childhood apraxia of speech CAS with many therapies.
When CAS is relatively severe, your child may need frequent speech therapy, three to five times a week. As your child improves, the frequency of speech therapy may be reduced. Children with CAS generally benefit from individual therapy. Individual therapy allows your child to have more time to practice speech during each session.
Learning to say words or phrases takes children with CAS time and practice.
|What is Childhood Apraxia of Speech?||Print Overview Childhood apraxia of speech CAS is an uncommon speech disorder in which a child has difficulty making accurate movements when speaking. In CAS, the brain struggles to develop plans for speech movement.|
|Childhood Apraxia of Speech Resource Page - Speech And Language Kids||Including the 4 Components in Therapy: Think of each of those areas as a hierarchy of skills that the child needs to communicate.|
|Apraxia: Symptoms, Causes, Tests, Treatments||Difficulty moving from one speech sound to another or one syllable to another Abnormal rhythm, stress and intonation during speech Other Characteristics That May be Seen Difficulty producing many speech sounds Use of only vowel sounds, grunts, or single syllables to communicate Use of only a few speech sounds during speech More errors on longer sentences or longer words than with single sounds or syllables Difficulty and struggle when trying to find the right mouth position to make a sound Difficulty starting a sound Normal receptive language understanding skills, but limited expressive language talking skills Difficulty imitating mouth movements in severe cases Show The child with CAS should begin speech therapy as soon as the disorder is identified.|
|Childhood Apraxia of Speech Resource Page - Speech And Language Kids||Print Diagnosis To evaluate your child's condition, your child's speech-language pathologist will review your child's symptoms and medical history, conduct an examination of the muscles used for speech, and examine how your child produces speech sounds, words and phrases.|
|Related Services||Are There Treatments for Apraxia of Speech? Apraxia is a poorly understood neurological condition.|
Speech-language pathologists may use different types of cues in speech therapy. Your child will be asked to listen to the speech-language pathologist and to watch his or her mouth as he or she says the target word or phrase.
Your child will most likely practice syllables, words or phrases, rather than isolated sounds, during speech therapy. Children with CAS need practice making the movements from one sound to another. For example, your child may be asked to say "hi," "mine" and "bite," or "out," "down" and "house.
Each home practice session can be short, such as five minutes in length, and you may practice with your child twice a day. Children also need to practice words and phrases in real-life situations. Create situations where it will be appropriate for your child to say the word or phrase spontaneously.
For example, ask your child to say "Hi, Mom" each time mom enters a room. Practicing words or phrases in real-life situations will make it easier for your child to say the practice words automatically. Alternative communication methods may include sign language or natural gestures, such as pointing or pretending to eat or drink.
For example, your child could use signs to communicate he or she wants a cookie. Sometimes electronic devices, such as electronic tablets, can be helpful in communication. Using these methods may help your child become less frustrated when trying to communicate.
It may also help your child to develop language skills such as vocabulary and the ability to put words together in sentences. As speech improves, these strategies and devices may no longer be necessary.
Therapies for coexisting problems Many children with CAS also have delays in their language development, and they may need therapy to address their language difficulties. Children with CAS who have fine and gross motor movement difficulties in their arms or legs may need physical or occupational therapy.
For example, there is no evidence to show that exercises to strengthen speech muscles will help improve speech in children with CAS. Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic Lifestyle and home remedies You and your family can work with your child at home to improve his or her speech and language skills.To evaluate your child's condition, your child's speech-language pathologist will review your child's symptoms and medical history, conduct an examination of the muscles used for speech, and examine how your child produces speech sounds, words and phrases.
Your child's speech-language pathologist. We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us. Literacy and Children with Apraxia of Speech By Sharon Gretz, schwenkreis.com Many parents wonder if their young child with apraxia of speech (verbal dyspraxia) will go on to experience difficulties in their education.
While there is no certainty that literacy problems will or will not develop. Home / Childhood Apraxia of Speech / CAS Therapy / What to Work on in Speech Therapy for Children with CAS What to Work on in Speech Therapy for Children with CAS It can be difficult to know exactly how to help children with childhood apraxia of speech during speech therapy sessions.
Developmental verbal dyspraxia (DVD), also known as childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) and developmental apraxia of speech (DAS); is an inability to utilize motor planning to perform movements necessary for speech during a child's language learning process.
Although the causes differ between AOS and DVD, the main characteristics and treatments are similar. Apraxia of speech (AOS)—also known as acquired apraxia of speech, verbal apraxia, or childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) when diagnosed in children—is a speech sound disorder. Someone with AOS has trouble saying what he or she wants to say correctly and consistently.