Download While there are a handful of studies that challenge the link between school desegregation policy and positive academic outcomes, they represent only a small slice of the literature. Furthermore, these positive academic outcomes, particularly the closing of the achievement gap, make sense given that integrating schools leads to more equitable access to important resources such as structural facilities, highly qualified teachers, challenging courses, private and public funding, and social and cultural capital. The gap in SAT scores between black and white students is larger in segregated districts, and one study showed that change from complete segregation to complete integration in a district would reduce as much as one quarter of the SAT score disparity. This can be largely connected to an overall improved school climate in racially integrated schools.
In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Spiritual Borderlands Melynda Seaton bio Inaugurated inContemporary Indigeneity is a biennial exhibition that highlights artistic contributions by American Indian artists who reside in or make art about the Great Plains.
Inthe third iteration of the exhibition emphasized artworks that explored the concept of spiritual borderlands. Rather than focusing on traditional modes of representation typically associated with work by American Indians, the exhibition incorporated work comparable to any artist working today regardless of ethnicity.
However, connections to specific places can be difficult to ascertain, particularly in a global economy with continually shifting geopolitical borders coinciding with virtual discursive spaces created via technological advancements. Corporeal location no longer solely defines space, thus complicating the ways in which one associates with community and defines personal identity.
Aboriginal ancestral homelands were redefined by US government policy that established reservation and territorial lands. Such conditions also contribute to the difficulty in defining what exactly constitutes art as Native American.
Spiritual Borderlands, artists were identified as Native, based on their tribal affiliation, although the criteria was not as strict as those set forth by the Native American Arts and Crafts law regarding the sale of indigenous art forms. The Great Plains Art Museum recognizes the importance of featuring only artists of American Indian or First Peoples descent for reasons that include but are not limited to the marginalization of indigenous peoples that often results in a lack of adequate representation in mainstream museum collections and fine art exhibition venues.
In selecting artworks for Contemporary Indigeneityhow each artist and their community culturally identified them selves as Native bore more weight than genetic distinction or federal designation.
Many of the participating artists are enrolled tribal members. However, some artists included do not have federally recognized tribal affiliation despite their familiar connections and knowledge of ancestral traditions.
Even before the passing of laws to protect indigenous artists in the s, scholars and artists have struggled to determine what defines American Indian art.
In the late s, American literary scholar Geary Hobson addressed the issue when compiling an anthology of Native American texts. Drawing from political and societal positions of the time, Hobson mapped out four ways of defining how an individual can be identified as Native American: Moreover, as contemporary artist Edgar Heaps of Birds points out, Native artists are the only members of the art community who must prove who they are.& Native Language Act: freedoms protected.
National American Indian Month Shannon County, South Dakota, home of Oglala Lakota is identified as poorest place in the country The Broken Arrow In his video about the history of Native American Marginalization, Aaron Huey pinpoints the issues that most of the U.S. overlooks.
Jul 21, · Native Americans make up an outsized percentage of the homeless in places like New Mexico. SCOTT SIMON, HOST: The American West is grappling with growing homelessness in cities with Native.
They acknowledged Native American rights to the land as the continent's first occupants and they mandated that Native American lands only be obtained by treaty and purchase. After the American Revolution, though, Britain ceded all of its North American holdings south of Canada to the United States.
The reasons why Native American children stand overrepresented in the U.S. foster care system (Hill, ) may be related to the abuse suffered by many Native Americans while in boarding schools and the high number of Native Americans .
Marginalization Of Native Americans. When the European settlers arrived in North America they found an unknown continent largely populated by around Native American civilizations. The overview portrays the main conflicts in the conquistadores’ goals in the Americas.
South Florida-based Novelist K.B. Schaller (who is of Cherokee and Seminole descent) is the author of “Gray Rainbow Journey” and attends First Seminole Indian Baptist Church in Hollywood.
Schaller is also a member of the Native American Journalists Association who contributes largely to native publications.