In we made our first trip to an Exotic Rainforest.
Tropical forests cover a large part of the globe, but temperate rainforests only occur in few regions around the world. Temperate rainforests are rainforests in temperate regions. Stratification vegetation A tropical rainforest typically has a number of layers, each with different plants and animals adapted for life in that particular area.
Examples include the emergent, canopyunderstory and forest floor layers. Emergent layer The emergent layer contains a small number of very large trees called emergents, which grow above the general canopyreaching heights of 45—55 m, although on occasion a few species will grow to 70—80 m tall.
Eaglesbutterfliesbats and certain monkeys inhabit this layer. The densest areas of biodiversity are found in the forest canopy, a more or less continuous cover of foliage formed by adjacent treetops.
The canopy, by some estimates, is home to 50 percent of all plant species. Epiphytic plants attach to trunks and branchesand obtain water and minerals from rain and debris that collects on the supporting plants. The fauna is similar to that found in the emergent layer, but more diverse.
A quarter of all insect species are believed to exist in the rainforest canopy. Scientists have long suspected the richness of the canopy as a habitat, but have only recently developed practical methods of exploring it. As long ago asnaturalist William Beebe declared that "another continent of life remains to be discovered, not upon the Earth, but one to two hundred feet above it, extending over thousands of square miles.
Exploration of the canopy is still in its infancy, but other methods include the use of balloons and airships to float above the highest branches and the building of cranes and walkways planted on the forest floor. The science of accessing tropical forest canopy using airships or similar aerial platforms is called dendronautics.
Understory The understory or understorey layer lies between the canopy and the forest floor. It is home to a number of birdssnakes and lizardsas well as predators such as jaguarsboa constrictors and leopards. The leaves are much larger at this level and insect life is abundant.
Many seedlings that will grow to the canopy level are present in the understory. This layer can be called a shrub layeralthough the shrub layer may also be considered a separate layer. Only plants adapted to low light can grow in this region. Away from riverbanksswamps and clearings, where dense undergrowth is found, the forest floor is relatively clear of vegetation because of the low sunlight penetration.
It also contains decaying plant and animal matter, which disappears quickly, because the warm, humid conditions promote rapid decay.
Many forms of fungi growing here help decay the animal and plant waste. Mammals may include primatesfelids and other families. Reptiles include snakesturtleschameleons and other families; while birds include such families as vangidae and Cuculidae. Dozens of families of invertebrates are found in rainforests.
Fungi are also very common in rainforest areas as they can feed on the decomposing remains of plants and animals. Soils You can help by adding to it. December Despite the growth of vegetation in a tropical rainforest, soil quality is often quite poor.
Rapid bacterial decay prevents the accumulation of humus. The concentration of iron and aluminium oxides by the laterization process gives the oxisols a bright red colour and sometimes produces mineral deposits such as bauxite. On younger substrates, especially of volcanic origin, tropical soils may be quite fertile.
If rainforest trees are cleared, rain can accumulate on the exposed soil surfaces, creating run-off and beginning a process of soil erosion. Eventually streams and rivers form and flooding becomes possible. Effect on global climate A natural rainforest emits and absorbs vast quantities of carbon dioxide.
On a global scale, long-term fluxes are approximately in balance, so that an undisturbed rainforest would have a small net impact on atmospheric carbon dioxide levels,  though they may have other climatic effects on cloud formation, for example, by recycling water vapour.
No rainforest today can be considered to be undisturbed. Rainforests also have value as tourism destinations and for the ecosystem services provided. Many foods originally came from tropical forests, and are still mostly grown on plantations in regions that were formerly primary forest.
Native peoples You can help by adding to it. December On January 18,FUNAI reported also that it had confirmed the presence of 67 different uncontacted tribes in Brazil, up from 40 in Inspired by the shape of the "Ririk Leaf".
Following the rainforest theme, the roof canopy is supported by a series of exposed structural elements resembling the trunks and branches of rainforest trees. Impatiens psittacina Hook. f. Impatiens psitticana not an orchid, Rafflesia, Amorphophallus titanum Rare Thailand Parrot Flower or Parrot Flower from Thailand and other exotic and rare tropical plants from the rainforest.
Pacific Rainforest Adventure Tours offers the best of Western Canada birding through guided birding tours on Vancouver Island and in the Vancouver area. This book is magnificent!!
The author have done a tremendous job of capturing the most amazing photos of the rain-forests of the world! And the best thing about this book is that is packed w/ info and best of all it has a CD of rainforest sounds that is beautiful to listen to and relaxing enough to meditate by.
Lake Barrine is world famous for it’s unique informative relaxing rainforest & wildlife cruises around the volcanic crater brim.
The minute cruise provides a close-up view of one of the most complex and amazing rainforest eco-systems in the world, giving you a different perspective from the 5km walking track as you will view the unique heritage listed rainforest from the pristine lake shore. I owned this Rainforest Adventure and played it for over a year.
Then with a computer crash I lost the game license from another game site. This is a fun match-3 game that gets harder and harder as one goes through the levels.