Summary Analysis The gods assemble on mount Olympus. Athena implores Zeus to help Odysseus, who was such a kind and just ruler, and is now trapped in Calypso's house without any way home. Zeus instructs Athena to bring Telemachus home unharmed, and tells the messenger god Hermes to tell Calypso to release Odysseus from captivity.
Zeus complies, and sends Hermes on his way to break the news to Calypso. There, he tells the beautiful goddess that Zeus wills her to release Odysseus.
After Hermes has departed, the goddess searches for Odysseus, and finds him weeping upon the shore, staring out upon the barren waters.
Calypso offers him immortality if he should choose to remain with her, but Odysseus refuses, longing only for his wife and home. Calypso provides him with food, water, and wine, and fills his sails with a strong following wind.
Odysseus departs from the island and sails for seventeen days before sighting Scheria, the isle of the Phaeaceans. Odysseus despairs, wishing he had died in Troy rather than suffer such an ignoble fate.
A wave tears him out of the raft, although he is eventually able to surface and regain the raft. The sea goddess Leukothea, once the mortal Ino, pities Odysseus. She advises him to abandon both the raft and the weighty clothing that Calypso had given him as a parting gift.
She also bestows upon him a magic veil that, if tied about his body, would give him the stamina he needs to swim to Scheria. Odysseus chooses to wait until the raft is destroyed, then he abandons his clothing, ties the veil around his body, and begins swimming.
Meanwhile, Poseidon, satisfied with his mischief, leaves the scene. Athene arrives and stills all the winds but the North Wind. Odysseus is carried toward Scheria for two days until, on the third, he comes very close to the shore.
Unfortunately, there are rough breakers at the edge of the island, and a sheer cliff beyond them. The backwash of the wave, however, pulls him again out to sea.
Climbing to the surface of the water once more, Odysseus swims around the island until he sees a river outlet within accessible range. After intoning a hurried prayer to the river, Odysseus swims into the river safely.
He crawls upon the shore and collapses in complete exhaustion. He then rises, and tosses the veil back into the river stream, as Leukothea had commanded, and the sea goddess retrieves her magic cloth. Fearing that he might freeze to death on the windy riverbank, Odysseus ascends to a wood, where he buries himself in a pile of leaves beneath two dense bushes.
Athene then lulls him to sleep so that he might recover from his trials. Discussion and Analysis Here we meet Odysseus at last, and we are given many examples of his steadfast spirit and endurance.
She cannot perceive the internal beauty that one mortal may perceive in another. Goddess and queen, do not be angry with me.
I myself know that all you say is true and that circumspect Penelope can never match the impression you make for beauty and stature.The Odyssey by Homer (Book Analysis): Detailed Summary, A and millions of other books are available for Amazon Kindle. Learn more Enter your mobile number or email address below and we'll send you a link to download the free Kindle App.
Jul 18, · The Odyssey book summary in under five minutes! Homer's epic poem The Odyssey tells the story of Odysseus, Greek hero of the Trojan War, and his adventures at sea during his travel home. Character Analysis Odysseus Bookmark this page Manage My Reading List Odysseus is a combination of the self-made, self-assured man and the embodiment of the standards and mores of his culture.
(Click the infographic to download.) Along with Homer's Iliad, The Odyssey is one of ancient Greece's two great epics. (Actually, they sort of defined what an epic was in the first place.). Analysis. Throughout the epic, Homer casually reveals upcoming events in a way that confirms the theory that the audience is already familiar with the plot.
He does so again early in Book 5 ( ff) when he speaks of Odysseus' future while giving orders to Hermes. The poet's talent is shown in the manner in which he spins the yarn. One of his favorite devices is rhetoric, effective manipulation of language, . With these words the Odyssey begins.
The poet asks for inspiration from the Muse and imagines her singing through him. An ancient epic poem states at the outset, in capsule form, the subject of the work to follow, and this epic is no exception.