In all states except Berlin and Brandenburgthis orientation phase is embedded into the program of the secondary schools. In practice this rarely comes to bear because teachers are afraid of sending pupils to more academic schools whereas parents are afraid of sending their children to less academic schools. In Berlin and Brandenburg, the orientation is embedded into that of the elementary schools.
In all states except Berlin and Brandenburgthis orientation phase is embedded into the program of the secondary schools. The decision for a secondary school influences the student's future, but during this phase changes can be made more easily.
In practice this rarely comes to bear because teachers are afraid of sending pupils to more academic schools whereas parents are afraid of sending their children to less academic schools.
In Berlin and Brandenburg, the orientation is embedded into that of the elementary schools. Teachers give a so-called educational path recommendation Bildungs gang empfehlung based on scholastic achievements in the main subjects mathematics, German, natural sciences, foreign language and classroom behavior with details and legal implications differing from state to state: A student's performance at primary school is immaterial.
All German states have Gymnasium as one possibility for the more able children, and all states - except Saxony - have some Gesamtschulen, but in different forms.
The states of Berlin and Hamburg have only two types of schools: Learning a foreign language is compulsory throughout Germany in secondary schools and English is one of the more popular choices. Students at certain Gymnasium are required to learn Latin as their first foreign language and choose a second foreign language.
The list of available foreign languages as well as the hours of compulsory foreign language lessons differ from state to state, but the more common choices, besides Latin, are English, French, Spanish, ancient Greek. Many schools also offer voluntary study groups for the purpose of learning other languages.
At which stage students begin learning a foreign language differs from state to state and is tailored according to the cultural and socio-economical dynamics of each state. In some states, foreign language education starts in the Grundschule primary school. For example, in North Rhine-WestphaliaEnglish starts in the third year of elementary school.
The Saarlandwhich borders Francebegins with French in the third year of primary school and French is taught in high school as the main foreign language.
It may cause problems in terms of education for families that plan to move from one German state to another as there are partially completely different curricula for nearly every subject. Adults who did not achieve a Realschulabschluss or Abitur, or reached its equivalent, have the option of attending evening classes at an Abendgymnasium or Abendrealschule.
It should however be noted that due to the decentralized nature of the education system there are many more additional differences across the 16 states of Germany. Every state has its own school system. Each age group of students born roughly in the same year forms one or more grades or classes "Klassen" per school which remain the same for elementary school years 1 to 4 or 6orientation school if there are orientation schools in the stateorientation phase at Gymnasium years 5 to 6and secondary school years 5 or 7 to 10 in "Realschulen" and "Hauptschulen"; years 5 or 7 to 10 differences between states in "Gymnasien"  respectively.
Changes are possible, though, when there is a choice of subjects, e. Students usually sit at tables, not desks usually two at one tablesometimes arranged in a semicircle or another geometric or functional shape.
During exams in classrooms, the tables are sometimes arranged in columns with one pupil per table if permitted by the room's capacities in order to prevent cheating; at many schools, this is only the case for some exams in the two final years of school, i.
There is usually no school uniform or dress code existing. Many private schools have a simplified dress code, for instance, such as "no shorts, no sandals, no clothes with holes". Some schools are testing school uniforms, but those are not as formal as seen in the UK.
It is however a common custom to design graduation class shirts in Gymnasium, Realschule and Hauptschule. School usually starts between 7. In higher grades[ which? Afternoon lessons can continue until 6 o'clock. Depending on school, there are breaks of 5 to 20 minutes after each period.
There is no lunch break as school usually finishes before 1: Some schools that have regular breaks of 5 minutes between every lesson and have additional 10 or 15 minute breaks after the second and fourth lesson.
In German state schools lessons have a length of exactly 45 minutes. Each subject is usually taught for two to three periods every week main subjects like mathematics, German or foreign languages are taught for four to six periods and usually no more than two periods consecutively.
The beginning of every period and, usually, break is announced with an audible signal such as a bell. Exams which are always supervised are usually essay based, rather than multiple choice.
As of 11th grade, exams usually consist of no more than three separate exercises. While most exams in the first grades of secondary schools usually span no more than 90 minutes, exams in 10th to 12th grade may span four periods or more without breaks.
At every type of school, pupils study one foreign language in most cases English for at least five years.
The study of languages is, however, far more rigorous and literature oriented in Gymnasium. Some types of Gymnasium also require an additional third language such as Spanish, Italian, Russian, Latin or Ancient Greek or an alternative subject usually based on one or two other subjects, e.
Gymnasiums normally offer further subjects starting at 11th grade, with some schools offering a fourth foreign language.The German Democratic Republic (East Germany) started its own standardized education system in the s.
The East German equivalent of both primary and secondary schools was the Polytechnic Secondary School (Polytechnische Oberschule), which all students attended for 10 years, from the ages of 6 to At the end of the 10th year, an exit examination was set.
Nostrand Ave Brooklyn, NY t. [email protected] Nostrand Ave Brooklyn, NY t. [email protected] After being taken down twice by Blogger within a single week, we got the message: It’s Time To Go. Gates of Vienna has moved to a new address. After World War I, the Weimar Republic established a free, universal four-year elementary school (Grundschule).Most pupils continued at these schools for another four-year course.
Those who were able to pay a small fee went on to a Mittelschule that provided a more challenging curriculum for an additional one or two years. Upon passing a rigorous entrance exam after year four, pupils could.
The German Democratic Republic (East Germany) started its own standardized education system in the s. The East German equivalent of both primary and secondary schools was the Polytechnic Secondary School (Polytechnische Oberschule), which all students attended for 10 years, from the ages of 6 to At the end of the 10th year, an exit examination was set.